Apples to Apples: Are Vertical Farms Better for the Environment?

Background Reading

Plenty is a leader in vertical farming, a type of controlled environment agriculture. Image Source: San Francisco Chronicle

Definition of a Vertical Farm (and other forms of Controlled Environment Agriculture)

High Tunnel. Image Source: The Spruce
Greenhouse. Image Source: Erwan Hesry on Unsplash
Bowery uses a horizontal lighting configuration, but is still considered a vertical farm because they are able to stack multiple growing planes on top of each other. Image Source: Bloomberg

Claims and Critiques of Vertical Farms

Fruits and vegetables account for only a small portion of total agricultural greenhouse gas emissions. Source: EWG

Back to the Question — Are Vertical Farms Better for the Environment?

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